Finding the slippery slopes

Putting Sikhs to the ‘cruel choice’
Inside the First Amendment

By Charles C. Haynes
First Amendment Center senior scholar
07.05.09
Unless Army officials act quickly, Capt. Kamaljit Singh Kalsi and 2nd Lt. Tejdeep Singh Rattan will soon be compelled to choose between obedience to God and service to country.

The two officers wore turbans and beards throughout their U.S. Army training, having been assured by recruiters that those articles of faith wouldn’t be a problem. But now that they have finished medical and dental school, respectively, the Army wants them to take off their turbans and cut their hair before reporting for active duty this month.

Asking Sikh Americans to deny their faith as a condition of military service is an example of what the late Supreme Court Justice Potter Stewart once called a “cruel choice” between religious faith and full participation in American life. It is a choice, wrote Stewart, that “no State can constitutionally demand.”

After months of lobbying for a change in the regulations, Sikhs got a glimmer of hope a few weeks ago when Army officials promised to review the policy in a letter to the Sikh Coalition, a human-rights advocacy group. It shouldn’t be a hard call. Before 1986, when these guidelines were promulgated, Sikhs with turbans and beards served honorably in the Army without any harm to order or discipline.

The Army isn’t the only arena where Sikhs in America face discrimination. In workplaces, schools, airports and elsewhere, Sikhs often encounter ignorance about their religion and resistance to requests for accommodation. And with Sikhism growing in the U.S. – there are currently some 500,000 Sikh Americans – the level of discrimination is likely to rise unless more is done to address the problem.

Most of the conflicts involve challenges to core religious obligations of observant Sikhs, including unshorn hair, wearing a turban, and carrying the kirpan, a small religious sword worn under clothing as a symbol of a Sikh’s duty to uphold justice.

Sikh Americans, like other Americans, want to defend their country, serve their communities, send their children to school, and in other ways participate fully in American life. But Sikhs shouldn’t be asked to violate their conscience in order to enjoy the rights and privileges of citizenship. It’s time to stop putting them to that cruel choice.

Read all his whining by clicking the title

(HH here:First off military service is not a privilege nor a right. It is a duty. It is a responsibility to be discharged.
There is a very good reason for the no beards rule that now even applies to the Navy. Gasmasks do not work with beards.
Add to that simple reality the need for a “uniform” appearance and we see this is not an unreasonable burden. If a persons religious faith demands a visible identity (turban, full beard) it will also limit where that person may be deployed.
If this pair is allowed to keep their tribal garb while in uniform what is to prevent people around the world who dislike Sikhs (96% of all Muslims outside the West) from targeting them or fearing them when deployed?
Hard enough to win local hearts and minds over for Americans in general, will we now shove every tribal religion in America in the face of already religiously prejudiced Muslims in their own lands? It is basically the same reason why all those schools don’t allow blatant religious garb on the faculty. The staff is an arm of the government and as such must appear as neutral and unbiased as possible. How can a Jewish girl feel neutrality from a Headmistress in a full hijab? How can a Muslim boy feel neutrality from a principal who has John 3:16 posted in full on his desk?
How does an Indian Muslim feel when, after an earthquake, she is suddenly confronted with a fully garbed Sikh as the commander of the
U.S. Army medical team. Yes people should not be prejudiced toward people of other religion in their care. But this does not happen often enough to dispense with the whole secular identity thing for ALL Government employed or deployed people.
It occurs to me that if these guys win they will be identifiable as Sikhs from a greater distance than they will be identifiable as American soldiers!! Put that way is it appropriate?
Should any teacher or doctor or nurse or soldier that is employed by the government not by identifiable first and foremost as a teacher, a doctor, a nurse, a soldier? Where comes the privilege of being a soldier and a tribesman at the same time? This is not England with their “wog” soldiers; respected but never wholly equal to their “brothers” in arms. This is the U.S. where we are supposed to be beyond that Old World feudal crap. As a civilian, not on the public payrol you have the right to be all tribal and identify first as your (insert on, religion, ethnicity, sports team, whatever) but as a teacher, or soldier you give up that right to stand as one of many but there for all in the name of the state.)

As war games begin, North Korea issues threat

Choe Sang-hun Published: March 9, 2009

SEOUL: As thousands of U.S. Marines poured into South Korea on Monday to open an annual joint military exercise, North Korea warned that it would attack the United States, Japan and South Korea if they tried to shoot down a satellite it says it plans to launch.

North Korea said the war games in South Korea were in preparation for an invasion of the North and put its 1.1 million-member military on standby for battle. It also cut off a military hot line, the only remaining channel of direct communication between the two Koreas, a move that stranded hundreds of South Korean workers at an industrial park in North Korea.

Amid the belligerent rhetoric, fears were growing in South Korea that the Communist regime in Pyongyang wouldresort to military provocations like a missile launch or a border attackin order to vent anger at the conservative Seoul government – which has stopped free food shipments to the North – and to force Washington to bargain over its missile and nuclear programs.

North Korea has employed such tactics in the past.

With North Korea expected to launch a satellite soon for what it called peaceful forces, its leaders vowed “a just retaliatory strike operation” against any efforts to stop the launch and said it would “mean a war” against the United States, South Korea and Japan.

Read it all. This is certainly NOT good news. The Dear Leader’s elevator has not gone all the way to the top in decades.

But sometimes the conservatives are dead right!!!

AP

For all of his lavish new spending plans, President Obama is making one major exception: defense. His fiscal 2010 budget telegraphs that Pentagon spending is going to be under pressure in the years going forward.

The White House proposes to spend $533.7 billion on the Pentagon, a 4% increase over 2009. Include spending on Iraq and Afghanistan, which would be another $130 billion (or a total of $664 billion), and overall defense spending would be around 4.2% of GDP, the same as 2007.

APHowever, that 4% funding increase for the Pentagon trails the 6.7% overall rise in the 2010 budget — and defense received almost nothing extra in the recent stimulus bill. The Joint Chiefs requested $584 billion for 2010 and have suggested a spending floor of 4% of GDP. Both pleas fell on deaf ears. The White House budget puts baseline defense spending at 3.7% of GDP, not including Iraq and Afghanistan. The budget summary pleads “scarce resources” for the defense shortfall, which is preposterous given the domestic spending blowout.

More ominously, Mr. Obama’s budget has overall defense spending falling sharply starting in future years — to $614 billion in 2011, and staying more or less flat for a half decade. This means that relative both to the economy and especially to domestic priorities, defense spending is earmarked to decline. Some of this assumes less spending on Iraq, which is realistic, but it also has to take account of Mr. Obama’s surge in Afghanistan. That war won’t be cheap either.

The danger is that Mr. Obama may be signaling a return to the defense mistakes of the 1990s. Bill Clinton slashed defense spending to 3% of GDP in 2000, from 4.8% in 1992. We learned on 9/11 that 3% isn’t nearly enough to maintain our commitments and fight a war on terror — and President Bush spent his two terms getting back to more realistic outlays for a global superpower.

American defense needs are, if anything, even more daunting today. Given challenges in the Mideast and new dangers from Iran, an erratic Russia, a rising China, and potential threats in outer space and cyberspace, the U.S. should be in the midst of a concerted military modernization. Mr. Obama’s budget isn’t adequate to meet those challenges.

The Pentagon shouldn’t get a blank check, though much of its procurement waste results from the demands made by Congress. Mr. Gates has also rightly focused on the immediate priority of irregular warfare and counterinsurgency. But history also teaches that a nation that downplays potential threats — such as from China in outer space — is likely to find itself ill-prepared when they arrive.

The U.S. ability to project power abroad has been crucial to maintaining a relatively peaceful world, but we have been living off the fruits of our Cold War investments for too long. We can’t afford another lost defense decade.